**Index to the proceedings of the Precise Time And Time Interval (PTTI) systems and applications (formerly applications and planning) meeting**

MEASUREMENTS, SPECIFICATIONS, AND STANDARDS

The entry for each paper is preceded by a hyphenated numerical code indicating its subject, Proceedings volume number, and page number therein, i.e, 05-03-007 represents subject category "5", Proceedings volume number "3" and page number "7". The following index covers the PTTI Proceedings from the 2nd (1970) through the 41st (2009).

05-03-007 | Time and Frequency Standardization; R. J. Schneider |

05-03-229 | Stability Characteristics and Application Techniques for Precision Frequency Sources; L. S. Cutler |

05-04-152 | Intermediate Term Frequency Measurements with the HP Computing Counter in the USNO Time System; G. M. R. Winkler |

05-04-232 | Calibrated VLF Phase Measurements: Simultaneous Remote and Local Measurements of 10.2 KHz Carrier Phase Using Cesium Standards; E. R. Swanson, R. H. Gimber, and J. E. Britt (corrected for errata) |

05-05-095 | Low Cost Automated Precise Time Measurement System; A. Alpert and P. Liposchak |

05-05-185 | Instrumentation for One-Way Satellite PTTI Applications; A. E. Osborne |

05-05-215 | Precise Time and Time Interval Data Handling and Reduction; L. C. Fisher |

05-05-337 | Stability and Noise Spectra of Relative Loran-C Frequency Comparisons; E. Proverbio, V. Quesada, and A. Simoncini |

05-05-349 | An Aeronautical Beacon System Using Precise Time; T. S. Amlie |

05-05-503 | The Color Bar Phase Meter--a Simple and Economical Method for Calibrating Crystal Oscillators (abstract); D. D. Davis |

05-06-083 | Time Measurement Techniques; J. F. Barnaba |

05-06-109 | Time Measurement of Frequency and Frequency Stability of Precision Oscillators; D. W. Allan |

05-06-199 | Frequency Calibration Techniques; J. M. Williams, Jr., and J. M. Rivamonte |

05-08-489 | A Brief Review of Frequency Stability Measures; G. M. R. Winkler |

05-08-535 | Interpretation and Application of Oscillator Instability Measures Using Structure Functions; W. C. Lindsey, C. M. Chie, and W. E. Leavitt |

05-08-561 | Identification of Noise Processes in Oscillators and Sample Data of Frequency Stability of Frequency Standards (abstract); R. F. C. Vessot |

05-08-563 | A Simple Technique for High Resolution Time Domain Phase Noise Measurement; V. S. Reinhardt and T. Donahoe |

05-08-575 | Frequency Stability Measurement Procedures; M. C. Fischer |

05-09-061 | Review of Methods for Measuring and Specifying Frequency Stability; J. A. Barnes |

05-09-463 | Phase Noise Characteristics of Frequency Sources; A. L. Lance, W. D. Seal, F. G. Mendoza, and N. W. Hudson |

05-09-485 | Increased Resolution for Beat-Period Based Frequency Stability Measurements; E. Blomberg |

05-09-523 | The Mechanics of Translation of Frequency Stability Measures between Frequency and Time Domain Measurements; A. R. Chi |

05-10-247 | Time Domain Measurement of Frequency Stability; J. Vanier and M. Tetu |

05-10-341 | Frequency Domain Measurement Systems; M. C. Fischer |

05-10-379 | Rubidium Frequency Standard Test Program for Navstar GPS; F. K. Koide and D. J. Dederich |

05-12-551 | An Analytic Technique for Statistically Modeling Random Atomic Clock Errors in Estimation; P. J. Fell |

05-12-681 | On Estimating the Effects of Clock Instability with Flicker Noise Characteristics; S.-C. Wu |

05-12-851 | Precise Time and Frequency Intercomparison via VLF Phase Measurements; A. S. Gupta, G. K. Goel, and B. S. Mathur |

05-13-027 | Precise Time and Time Interval Users, Requirements and Specifications; J. R. Bowser discussion |

05-14-009 | Panel Discussion on Future Timing Requirements; J. C. Cittadino, H. A. Stover, T. Goblick, and M. Garvey |

05-14-155 | A New Calibration Method for Time Delay Standard and Its Application; B.-W. Su and S.-X. Song |

05-14-281 | The Fundamental Structure Function of Oscillator Noise Models; C. A. Greenhall |

05-14-295 | Stochastic Models for Atomic Clocks; J. A. Barnes, R. H. Jones, P. Y. Tryon, and D. W. Allan |

05-15-115 | Separating the Variances of Noise Components in the Global Positioning System; D. W. Allan and M. Weiss |

05-15-459 | Clock Characterization Tutorial; D. W. Allan |

05-15-477 | Methods for Optimal Recursive Estimation of Non-stationary Time Series, Applications to Atomic Time and Frequency Metrology; Z. Y. Weng, J. Rutman, and J. Uebersfeld |

05-15-503 | Applied Kalman Filtering: An Overview; R. G. Brown |

05-15-519 | Kalman Filtering with a Two-State Clock Model; F. B. Varnum |

05-15-531 | Kalman Filter Estimates of the Navstar Satellite Clock Parameters; P. S. Jorgensen |

05-15-551 | The Measurement of Linear Frequency Drift in Oscillators; J. A. Barnes |

05-15-583 | A Plan for the Development of Inertial Reconstruction of Initial State Clock (IRIS); E. G. Kimme |

05-16-273 | Relationship between Allan Variances and Kalman Filter Parameters; A. J. Van Dierendonck and R. G. Brown |

05-17-019 | Precise Time and Frequency Measurement Requirements for Spaceborne Distributed Aperture Technology; M. S. Kaplan |

05-17-033 | What Is PTTI? An Overview of Techniques and Applications of Precise Time and Time Interval; G. M. R. Winkler |

05-17-045 | Characterization, Optimum Estimation, and Time Prediction of Precision Clocks; D. W. Allan |

05-17-093 | What To Do If Bitten - Practical Tactics for Frequency Measurement; E. L. Blomberg |

05-17-201 | R-CATS--A New Method for Calibrating Global Positioning System (GPS) Remote Sites; J. A. Buisson, O. J. Oaks, and M. J. Lister |

05-17-223 | Measuring the Propagation Time of Coaxial Cables Used with GPS Receivers; G. de Jong |

05-17-233 | Discussion of Clock Residuals in Developmental GPS Satellites Measured with a Single Channel Receiver; S. D. Chang and T. D. Maclay |

05-17-331 | Automatic Calibration of Systematic Errors in Fast Pulse Measurements; D. C. Chu |

05-18-011 | Atomic Clock Research in the Aerospace Corporation Chemistry and Physics Laboratory--an Overview; R. P. Frueholz, N. D. Bhaskar, J. C. Camparo, B. Jaduszliwer, and C. M. Klimcak |

05-18-037 | GPS Clock Technology and Navy PTTI Programs at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory; R. L. Beard, J. Murray, and J. D. White |

05-18-079 | U.S. Army PTTI/Frequency Control Activities and Plans; J. R. Vig |

05-18-131 | Time Keeping and Time and Frequency Dissemination at the Istituto Elettrotecnico Nazionale (IEN); F. Cordara and V. Pettiti |

05-18-149 | A New Principle of Linear Phase Discrimination--Irregular Phase Discrimination; Z. Wei |

05-18-195 | A Phase Comparison Method Suitable to Measure H-maser Performance; R. Ambrosini |

05-19-069 | A Reappraisal of Frequency Domain Techniques for Assessing Frequency Stability Measurements; D. B. Percival |

05-19-163 | Specification of Precision Oscillators; S. S. Schodowski and J. R. Vig |

05-19-203 | Large Sample Simulation of Flicker Noise; J. A. Barnes and C. A. Greenhall corrections and addenda |

05-19-219 | Likelihood and Least-Squares Approaches to the M-Cornered Hat; C. A. Greenhall |

05-19-227 | Variances Based on Data with Dead Time between the Measurements; J. A. Barnes and D. W. Allan |

05-19-337 | Redundant Time and Frequency Reference Units for Satellite Applications; A. Vulcan, C. Gloeckl, M. Meirs, and T. McClelland |

05-20-001 | Coordinating the Many Aspects of Timing System Design; G. M. R. Winkler |

05-20-163 | Loran-C Timing Calibration of Caribou, Maine; R. E. Keating, C. F. Lukac, G. H. Luther, and L. G. Charron |

05-20-355 | An Automatic Measurement System for RF Pulse Stability Parameters; L. Xiaofan and M. Ruida |

05-21-019 | Timing in Swissnet, Specification, Development, Implementation and Operational Experience; P. Kartaschoff |

05-21-039 | Specifications and Procurement of Frequency and Timing Equipment and Systems "Industry Opinion"; D. Mitchell |

05-21-051 | Specification of Atomic Frequency Standards for Military and Space Applications; J. White, F. Danzy, E. Powers |

05-21-071 | Results of a Block II GPS PTTI Users Survey; T. R. Bartholomew and S. M. Bloor |

05-21-295 | Accuracy Model for Phase Noise Measurements; F. L. Walls, C. M. Felton, A. J. D. Clements, and T. D. Martin |

05-21-537 | Common-View GPS Time Transfer Accuracy and Stability Stability Results; J. R. Semler |

05-22-231 | Precise Frequency Calibration Using Television Video Carriers; E. E. Burkhardt |

05-22-269 | Zero-Crossing Detector with Sub-microsecond Jitter and Crosstalk; G. J. Dick, D. F. Kuhnle, and R. L. Sydnor |

05-22-339 | Time and Frequency Measuring Metrological Equipment in the USSR; A. A. Uljanov |

05-22-419 | Physical Origin of the Frequency Shifts in Cesium Beam Frequency Standards: Related Environmental Sensitivity; C. Audoin, N. Dimarcq, V. Giordano, and J. Viennet |

05-22-441 | The Physics of the Environmental Sensitivity of Rubidium Gas Cell Atomic Frequency Standards; W. J. Riley |

05-22-453 | Physics of Systematic Frequency Variations in Hydrogen Masers; E. M. Mattison |

05-22-465 | Environmental Sensitivities of Quartz Crystal Oscillators; F. L. Walls |

05-22-547 | The Use of Precise Ephemerides, Ionospheric Data and Corrected Antenna Coordinates in a Long-Distance GPS Time Transfer; W. Lewandowski, C. Petit, C. Thomas, and M. Weiss |

05-23-189 | Measurement of Precision Oscillator Phase Noise Using the Loop Oscillator Coherent Down-Conversion Technique; C. Pagnanelli W. F. Cashin |

05-23-219 | The Measurement System of Pulse Modulated Carrier Frequency Stability and Timing Jitter; L. C. Fu |

05-23-265 | Characterization of Frequency Standard Instability by Estimating Their Covariance Matrix; P. Tavella and A. Premoli |

05-23-301 | Effect of Thermal Cycling on Stress in Metallic Films on Ceramic Substrates; E. M. Mattison and R. F. C. Vessot |

05-23-417 | Present Status and Future Prospects for Ionospheric Propagation Corrections for Precise Time Transfer Using GPS; J. A. Klobuchar |

05-24-059 | Clock Performance and Its Measures: Stability and Accuracy; L. Cutler (moderator) |

05-24-123 | MIL-STDs and PTTI, What's Available and What Needs to Be Done; J. A. Murray and J. D. White |

05-24-313 | Synopsis of Timing Measurement Techniques Used in Telecommunications; G. Zampetti |

05-24-427 | Spacecraft Signal Sources Portable Test System; A. Kirk, P. Kuhnle, R. Sydnor, W. Diener, and D. Stowers |

05-24-439 | The Limit of Frequency Estimation; W. Guo |

05-24-445 | A New Method of Time Difference Measurement - the Time Difference Method by Dual "Phase Coincidence Points" Detection; W. Zhou |

05-25-149 | Cascaded Clocks Measurement and Simulation Findings; D. Chislow and G. Zampetti |

05-25-445 | Measurement of the Frequency Stability of Responders in Aircraft; X. Liu |

05-26-033 | Real World User Requirements; R. L. Sydnor (moderator) discussion |

05-26-035 | User Environmental Effects; H. Hellwig discussion |

05-26-036 | Real Time Automated Systems; J. D. White discussion |

05-26-255 | Fundamental Concepts and Definitions in PM and AM Noise Metrology; E. Pikal |

05-26-269 | Discussion of Error Models for PM and AM Noise Measurements; F. Walls |

05-26-280 | State-of-the-Art Measurement Techniques for PM and AM Noise; C. Nelson |

05-27-103 | UTC Dissemination to the Real-Time User; J. Levine |

05-27-113 | GPS Disciplined Oscillators for the Traceability to the Italian Time Standard; F. Cordara and V. Pettiti |

05-27-125 | Observations on the Reliability of Rubidium Frequency Standards on Block Il/IIA GPS Satellites; G. Dieter and G. Hatten |

05-27-135 | How Bad Receiver Coordinates Can Affect GPS Timing; H. Chadsey |

05-27-145 | Common View Time Transfer Using Worldwide GPS and DMA Monitor Stations; W. Reid, T. McCaskill, O. Oaks, J. Buisson, and H. Warren |

05-27-167 | Cesium and Rubidium Frequency Standards Status and Performance on the GPS Program; M. Van Melle |

05-27-193 | Upper Limits of Weights in TAI Computation; C. Thomas and J. Azoubib |

05-27-209 | Tutorial: Clock and Clock Systems Performance Measures; D. Allan |

05-27-235 | The Impact of the HP 5071A on International Atomic Time (Appendix A); D. Allan, A. Lepek, L. Cutler, R. Giffard, and J. Kusters |

05-27-279 | Simulation Study Using a New Type of Sample Variance; D. Howe and K. Lainson |

05-27-291 | Relating the Hadamard Variance to MCS Kalman Filter Clock Estimation; S. Hutsell |

05-27-303 | Signal Delay Stability of a Ku-Band Two-Way Satellite Time Transfer Terminal; D. Kirchner, H. Rebler, and R. Robnik |

05-27-323 | Variance Analysis of Unevenly Spaced Time Series Data; C. Hackman and T. Parker |

05-27-347 | Preliminary Comparison of Two-Way Satellite Time and Frequency Transfer and GPS Common-View Transfer During the INTELSAT Field Trial; J. A. Davis, W. Lewandowski, J. DeYoung, D. Kirchner, P. Hetzel, G. de Jong, A. Soering, F. Baumont, W. Klepczynski, A. McKinley, T. Parker, K. Bartle, H. Ressler, R. Robnik, and L. Veenstra |

05-27-359 | Results of the Calibration of the Delays of Earth Stations for TWSTFT Using the VSL Satellite Simulator Method; G. de Jong , D. Kirchner, H. Ressler, P. Hetzel, J. Davis, P. Pears, W. Powell, A. McKinley, W. Klepczynski, J. DeYoung, C. Hackman, S. Jefferts, and T. Parker |

05-27-387 | Limits to the Stability of Pulsar Time; G. Petit |

05-27-447 | Application of Millisecond Pulsar Timing to the Long-Term Stability of Clock Ensembles; R. Foster and D. Matsakis |

05-28-037 | IEN Time and Frequency Metrological Activity and Support to User Needs; F. Cordara, V. Pettiti, and P. Tavella |

05-28-065 | Frequency Standards, Timekeeping, and Traceable Services at the National Research Council of Canada; R. Douglas, J. Boulanger, S. Cundy, M. Gagne, W. Cazemier, B. Hoger, R. Pelletier, J. Bernard, A. Madej, L. Marmet, K. Siemsen, and B. G. Whitford |

05-28-201 | Operational Use of the Hadamard Variance in GPS; S. Hutsell, W. Reid, J. Crum, H. Mobbs, and J. Buisson |

05-28-215 | A Simple Algorithm for Approximating Confidence on the Modified Allan Variance and the Time Variance; M. A. Weiss and C. A. Greenhall |

05-28-225 | Pulsar-Appropriate Clock Statistics; D. N. Matsakis and F. J. Josties |

05-28-255 | NIST-7, The U.S. Primary Frequency Standard: New Evaluation Techniques; R. E. Drullinger, J. H. Shirley, and W. D. Lee |

05-28-273 | Temperature Control for Hydrogen Maser Frequency Standards; Y. Fu, Z. Xhou, and X. Liu |

05-28-313 | The Selection and Use of Precise Frequency and Time Systems; R. L. Sydnor |

05-28-349 | A Comparison of the Highest Precision Commonly Available Time Transfer Methods: TWSTT and GPS CV; J. DeYoung, F. Vannicola, and A. D. McKinley |

05-28-367 | A Contribution to the Standardization of GPS and GLONASS Time Transfers; W. Lewandowski, J. Azoubib, A. G. Gevorkyan, P. P. Bogdanov, W. J. Klepczynski, M. Miranian, J. Danaher, N. B. Koshelyaevsky, and D. W. Allan |

05-28-387 | Testing Motorola Oncore GPS Receiver and Temperature- Stabilized Antennas for Time Metrology; W. Lewandowski, P. Moussay, P. Guerin, F. Meyer, and M. Vincent |

05-28-441 | Performance Evaluation of the GPS Block IIR Time Keeping System; A. Wu |

05-28-455 | GLONASS Onboard Time/Frequency Standards: Ten Years of Operation; A. B. Bassevich, P. P. Bogdanov, A. G. Gevorkyan, and A. E. Tyulyakov |

05-29-029 | Relationships between Drift Coefficient Uncertainties and Noise Levels: Application to Time Error Prediction; F. Vernotte and M. Vincent |

05-29-039 | Total Variance: A Progress Report on a New Frequency Stability Characterization; D. A. Howe and C. A. Greenhall |

05-29-085 | The CCTF Working Group on the Expression of Uncertainties in Primary Frequency Standards; R. J. Douglas and C. Thomas |

05-29-097 | Total Variance as an Exact Analysis of the Sample Variance; D. B. Percival and D. A. Howe |

05-29-165 | Long-Term Evaluation of GPS Timing Receiver Failures; D. Hoechtl and U. Schmid |

05-29-181 | SVN 20 End-Of-Life Frequency Standard Test Results; Lt. R. E. Bower, G. L. Dieter, and M. J. Van Melle |

05-29-193 | Absolute Time Error Calibration of GPS Receivers Using Advanced GPS Simulators; E. D. Powers, M. Miranian, J. D. White, and J. Brad |

05-29-229 | GLONASS/GPS Time Transfer and the Problem of the Determination of Receiver Delays; G. de Jong and W. Lewandowski |

05-29-265 | An Operational TWSTT Monitoring System; P. Mai and J. DeYoung |

05-29-399 | Time Rollover Events: Year 2000 (Y2K), GPS Week 1024, Leap Second, and Leap Year (panel discussion); J. Levine (moderator) |

05-29-405 | Long-Term Time Transfer Stability of a Fiber Optic Link; O. Buzek |

05-30-011 | GPS Week Roll-over and Y2K Compliance for NBS-type Receivers, and Absolute Calibration of the NIST Primary Receiver; M. Weiss, V. Zhang, E. Powers, and R. Loiler |

05-30-035 | Statistical Problems in the Analysis of Unequally Spaced Data; P. Tavella and M. Leonardi |

05-30-083 | Automatic Frequency Calibration Using Fuzzy Logic Controller; C. Chang, C. Liao, and K. Tu |

05-30-099 | A Bayesian Method for Oscillator Characterization; F. Vernotte and G. Zalamansky |

05-30-109 | Stability and Accuracy of the Realization of Time Scale in Singapore; D. Zhongning, C. Ann, and N. Hoon |

05-30-145 | GPS Block IIR Rubidium Atomic Frequency Standard Life Test; R. Beard, J. White, J. Brad, S. Stebbins, J. Smathers, and T. Myers, F. Danzy, A. Frank, W. Reid, and J. Buisson |

05-30-235 | Calibration Considerations for the IGS/BIPM Pilot Time Transfer Project Using Carrier Phase; R. Beard, J. Brad, J. White, O. Oaks, and G. Landis |

05-30-247 | A Long-Term Comparison Between GPS Carrier-Phase and Two-wWay Satellite Time Transfer; K. Larson, L. Nelson, J. Levine, T. Parker, and E. Powers |

05-30-293 | Hardware Delay Measurements and Sensitivities in Carrier Phase Time Transfer; E. Powers, P. Wheeler, D. Judge, and D. Matsakis |

05-30-307 | Frequency Transfer Using GPS: A Comparative Study of Code and Carrier Phase Analysis Results; C. Bruyninx, P. Defraigne, J. Sleewaegen, and P. Paquet |

05-30-315 | Two-Way Satellite Time Transfer (TWSTT): USNO Operations and Calibration Services; J. DeYoung |

05-30-329 | Improving the Delay Stability of a Two-Way Satellite Time and Frequency Transfer Earth Station; S. Shemar and J. Davis |

05-30-365 | Calibration of Three European TWSTFT Stations Using a Portable Station and Comparison of TWSTFT and GPS Common-View Measurement Results; D. Kirchner, H. Ressler, P. Hetzel, A. Soering, and W. Lewandowski |

05-30-393 | Two-Way Satellite Time Transfer Using Intelsat 706 on a Regular Basis: Status and Data Evaluation; J. Azoubib, D. Kirchner, W. Lewandowski, P. Hetzel, W. Klepczynski, D. Matsakis, T. Parker, H. Ressler, A. Soering, G. de Jong, F. Baumont, and J. Davis |

05-30-483 | Validation of a Time of Transmission Monitor Suite for Measurement of the Offset Between LORAN-C Transmissions and UTC; L. Putnam |

05-31-065 | Long-Term Stability of a Rubidium Atomic Clock in Geosynchronous Orbit; J. Coffer and J. Camparo |

05-31-091 | Considerations for the Concept of Galileo's Timekeeping System; J. Hahn |

05-31-267 | Generalization of the Total Variance Approach to the Modified Allan Variance; D. Howe and F. Vernotte |

05-31-285 | Estimating the Instabilities of N Correlated Clocks; F. Galindo and J. Palacio |

05-31-297 | Use of Primary Frequency Standards for Estimating the Duration of the Scale Unit of TAI; G. Petit |

05-31-305 | Estimation of Uncertainties in Time Error Estimation; F. Vernotte, J. Delporte, M. Brunet, and T. Tournier |

05-31-419 | Use of IGS Ionosphere Products in TAI; P. Wolf and G. Petit |

05-31-441 | Calibration of GPS Carrier-Phase Time-Transfer Equipment; E. Powers |

05-31-449 | Comparison of Atomic Frequency Standards at NIST and PTB Using Carrier-Phase GPS; L. Nelson, J. Levine, T. Parker, K. Larson, P. Hetzel, and J. Becker |

05-31-537 | Design of a Satellite Data Manipulation Tool in a Time and Frequency Transfer System Using Satellites; S. Yoon, J. Lee, M. Lee, and J. Kim |

05-31-569 | Evaluation of Mitrex Modem Transmit and Receive Delay Instability; M. Mascarello, P. Tavella, V. Pettiti, and F. Cordara |

05-31-637 | On an Improved Method of Resolving the Frequency Difference Between Two Very Accurate and Stable Frequency Signals; R. Percival and C. Green |

05-32-031 | WAAS, EGNOS, and MSAS for TELECOM SYNC; H. Fruehauf |

05-32-045 | Modelization and Extrapolation of Time Deviation of USO and Atomic Clocks in GNSS-2 Context; J. Delporte, F. Vernotte, M. Brunet, and T. Tournier |

05-32-057 | Examining GPS Carrier-Phase Analyses to Evaluate the Accuracy of Frequency Transfer Using Data from NIST and PTB; L. Nelson and J. Levine |

05-32-137 | One-Way GPS Time Transfer 2000; A. Gifford, S. Pace, and J. McNeff |

05-32-147 | Common-View and Melting-Pot GPS Time Transfer with the UT+; F. Meyer |

05-32-157 | GPS-Based Time Error Estimates Provided by Smoothing, Wiener, and Kalman Filters: A Comparative Study; Y. Schmailiy, A. Marienko, M. Torres-Cisneros, and O. Ibarra-Manzano |

05-32-229 | Report on the 8th Meeting of the CCTF Working Group on Two-Way Satellite Time and Frequency Transfer; W. Lewandowski |

05-32-367 | Common Time Reference Technology for Systems Inter-Operability; R. Beard and J. White |

05-32-389 | Development and Evaluation of GPS Space Clocks for GPS III and Beyond; A. Wu and W. Feess |

05-32-401 | Global Positioning System (GPS) Modernization; C. McGinn, S. Rajotte, and D. Latterman |

05-32-415 | Frequency Stability Requirements for Narrow Band Receivers; W. Klepczynski and P. Ward |

05-32-441 | New Issues in Telecommunications; E. Butterline |

05-32-445 | Primary Reference Clocks Using Indoor Antennas; D. Mitchell |

05-32-455 | Time and Frequency Activities at the CSIR National Metrology Laboratory; E. Marais |

05-33-055 | An Evaluation of Various Space Clocks for GPS IIF; V. Nuth, W. Feess, and C. Wu |

05-33-349 | Simultaneous Absolute Calibration of Three Geodetic- quality Timing Receivers; J. Plumb, J. White, E. Powers, K. Larson, and R. Beard |

05-33-371 | A System to Compare and Evaluate the Quality of Precise Frequency and Timing Systems; W. Lange |

05-33-385 | Clock Requirements and Trade-off for Satellite-based Navigation Systems; E. Detoma, A. Godone, F. Levi, and P. Tavella |

05-33-407 | Practical Problems Involving Phase Noise Measurements; W. Walls |

05-34-007 | Satellite Time Transfer Past and Present; J. Oaks and J. Buisson |

05-34-019 | TAI Time Links with Geodetic Receivers: A Progress Report G. Petit, Z. Jiang, and P. Moussay |

05-34-029 | Analysis of One Year of Zero-baseline GPS Common-View Time Transfer and Direct Measurement Using Two Co-located Clocks; G. de Jong and E. Kroon |

05-34-039 | Comparison of the One-Way and Common-View GPS Measurement Techniques Using a Known Frequency Offset; M. Lombardi and A. Novick |

05-34-117 | End-of-life Indicators for NIMA's High-performance Cesium Frequency Standards; C. Brock, B. Tolman, and R. Taylor |

05-34-175 | GPS Clocks in Space: Current Performance and Plans for the Future; T. Dass, G. Freed, J. Petzinger, J. Rajan, T.Lynch, and J. Vaccaro |

05-34-201 | Timekeeping and Time Dissemination in a Distributed Space-based Clock Ensemble; S. Francis, B. Ramsey, S. Stein, J. Leitner, M. Moreau, R. Burns, R. Nelson, T. Bartholomew, and A. Gifford |

05-34-215 | Panel Discussion: The Future of Clock Technology for Space; J. White, R. Beard, M. Bloch, J. Bolger, M. Garvey, P. Rochat, and S. Leschiutta |

05-34-243 | IEEE-1588™ Standard for a Precision Clock Synchronization Protocol for Networked Measurement and Control Systems; J. Eidson, M. Fischer, and J. White |

05-34-255 | Time of Day Management for Satellite Communications; R. Evans and J. White |

05-34-279 | Distribution of Time Services Over Networks in a Multi- Network Environment; G. Shaton |

05-34-295 | Ephemeris Determination Using a Connected Element Interferometer; D. Morrison, S. Pogorelc, T. Celano, and A. Gifford |

05-34-309 | Stability and Error Analysis for Absolutely Calibrated Geodetic GPS Receivers; J. Plumb, K. Larson,, J. White, E. Powers, and R. Beard |

05-34-325 | Limitation of GPS Receiver Calibrations; G. Landis and J. White |

05-34-341 | The Crystal Oscillator Characterization Facility at the Aerospace Corporation; S. Karuza, M. Rolenz, A. Moulthrop, A. Young, and V. Hunt |

05-34-391 | Evaluation and Improvements of the Calibration of a TWSTFT Station Using SATSIM; G. de Jong and R. van Bemmelen |

05-34-405 | Systematic Effects in GPS and WAAS Time Transfers; W. Klepczynski |

05-34-413 | Uncertainties of Time Links Used for TAI; J. Azoubib and W. Lewandowski |

05-35-001 | Opening Remarks; K. Johnston |

05-35-103 | MCS Zero Age of Data Measurement Techniques; G. Dieter, G. Hatten, and J. Taylor |

05-35-117 | GPS IIR Rubidium Clocks: In-orbit Performance Aspects; M. Epstein, G. Freed, and J. Rajan |

05-35-135 | Uncertainty Estimation on GPS Time Transfer; M. Addouche, F. Meyer, and F. Vernotte |

05-35-185 | Time Dissemination and Common View Time Transfer with Galileo: How Accurate Will It Be?; J. Furthner, A. Moudrak, A. Konovaltsev, J. Hammesfahr, and H. Denks |

05-35-211 | Wavelet Analysis of Clock Noise; D. Percival |

05-35-237 | MTIE and TDEV Analysis of Unevenly Spaced Time Series Data and Its Application to Telecommunications Synchronization Measurements; M. Li, H. Peng, and C. Liao |

05-35-307 | New Realization of Terrestrial Time; G. Petit |

05-35-393 | The State of the Art in Amateur Timekeeping; T. Van Baak |

05-35-419 | Fleet Use of Precise Time; T. Myers |

05-35-501 | Working Group B: Future PTTI Needs; D. McCarthy and C. Gregerson |

05-36-005 | Coping with Overload on the Network Time Protocol Public Servers; D. Mills, J. Levine, R. Schmidt, and D. Plonka |

05-36-017 | Time and Frequency Synchronization (T&F Sync) Common and Standardized Architecture for DOD Shore Communication Stations; I. Stevens, S. Dinh, K. Church, R. Castello, R. Beard, and J. White |

05-36-031 | Stability of Geodetic GPS Time Links and Their Comparison to Two-Way Time Transfer; G. Petit and Z. Jiang |

05-36-041 | Averaging Satellite Timing Data for National and International Time Coordination; J. Levine |

05-36-099 | Latest Calibration of GLONASS P-Code Time Receivers; A. Foks, J. Nawrocki, and W. Lewandowski |

05-36-139 | The Accuracy of Two-Way Satellite Time Transfer Calibrations; L. Breakiron, A. Smith, B. Fonville, E. Powers, and D. Matsakis; |

05-36-247 | First Evaluation and Experimental Results on the Determination of Uncertainties in [UTC - UTC (k)]; W. Lewandowski |

05-36-307 | Accounting for Timing Biases between GPS, Modernized GPS, and Galileo Signals; C. Hegarty, E. Powers, and B. Fonville |

05-36-319 | Panel Discussion on GNSS Interoperability; E.Detoma, R. Beard, H. Fruehauf, J. Hammesfahr, C. Hegarty, W. Klepczynski, N. Koshelyaevsky, W. Lewandowski, D. McCarthy, and T. Powell |

05-36-455 | The Allan Variance as an Estimator of the Long-Memory Parameter: Time-Domain and Wavelet Methods; L. Schmidt and J. Skinner |

05-37-001 | MEMS Technology for Timing and Frequency Control; C. Nguyen |

05-37-038 | A Review of Time Jitter and Digital Systems; V. Reinhardt |

05-37-254 | The Establishment of a Brazilian Atomic Time Scale; R. de Carvalho |

05-37-383 | Refining the Evaluation of Uncertainties in [UTC - UTC (k)]; W. Lewandowski, D. Matsakis, G. Panfilo, and P. Tavella |

05-37-392 | Tracking Nonstationarities in Clock Noises Using the Dynamic Allan Variance; L. Galleani and P. Tavella |

05-37-503 | W-Band Dual Channel AM/PM Noise Measurement System - An Update; A. Hati, C. Nelson, J. Garcia Nava, D. Howe, F. Walls, H. Ascarrunz, J. Lanfranchi, and B. Riddle |

05-37-712 | The Calibration Device for TWSTFT Station at TL; H. Lin, W. Tseng, S. Lin, and C. Liao |

05-37-745 | Sources of Instabilities in Two-Way Satellite Time Transfer; T. Parker smf V. Zhang |

05-38-069 | Historical Review of Atomic Frequency Standards Used in Space Systems: 10 Year Update; L. Mallette, The Boeing Company; P. Rochat, Temex Time, Switzerland; and J. White, U.S. Naval Research Laboratory |

05-38-193 | IEEE 1588: An Update on the Standard and Its Application; J. Eidson, Agilent Technologies |

05-38-223 | Applications and Opportunities for the IEEE 1588 Standard in Military Applications; J. MacKay, Progeny Systems |

05-39-323 | Absolute Calibration of Time Receivers with DLR's GPS/Galileo HW Simulator; S. Thoelert, U. Grunert, H. Denks, and J. Furthner |

05-39-331 | Evaluation of Carrier-Phase GNSS Timing Receivers for UTC/TAI Applications; B. Fonville, E. Powers, A. Kropp, and F. Vannicola |

05-39-403 | GNSS Clock Performance Analysis Using One-Way Carrier Phase and Network Methods; F. Gonzalez and P. Waller |

05-39-427 | Long-Term Stability of Remote Clock Comparisons with IGS Clock Products; V. Zhang, T. Parker, and M. Weiss |

05-39-511 | Improving Geostationary Satellite GPS Positioning Error Using Dynamic Two-Way Time Transfer Measurements; B. Dainty, J. Raquet, and R. Beckman |

05-39-559 | How Extracting Information from Data Highpass Filters Its Additive Noise; V. Reinhardt |

05-40-069 | In-Orbit Performance Assessment of GIOVE Clocks; P. Waller, F. Gonzalez, J. Hahn, S. Binda, R. Piriz, I. Hidalgo, G. Tobias, I. Sesia, P. Tavella, and G. Cerretto |

05-40-083 | Standardizing Space Ovenized Crystal Oscillators for Lower Cost and Faster Delivery; J. Humphrey, L. Ronchetti, and J. Richardson |

05-40-117 | Evaluation of Output Phase Stability in a Fiber-Optic Two-Way Frequency Distribution System; S. Ebenhag, P. Hedekvist, C. Rieck, H. Skoogh, P. Jarlemark, and K. Jaldehag |

05-40-165 | Studying Network Timing with Precision Packet Delay Measurements; L. Cosart |

05-40-197 | Synchronization in Packet Networks: Timing Metrics and Monitoring; C. Barry and S. Bangalore |

05-40-287 | Separating the Variances of a Two-Component Clock Model by Sequential MINQUE; C. Greenhall |

05-40-301 | Phase Noise Model for an Array of Combined Sources Using Direct Digital Synthesis (DDS); T. Comberiate, J. Van't Hof, L. Ruppalt, K. Lauritzen, and S. Talisa |

05-40-335 | AF/NGA GPS Monitor Station High-Performance Cesium Frequency Standard Stability 2007/2008: From NGA Kalman Filter Clock Estimates; D. Manning and C. Petersen |

05-40-349 | GPS Receiver Performance Test at ROA; H. Esteban, J. Palacio, F. Galindo, and J. Garate |

05-40-361 | Estimation and Prediction of the GIOVE Clocks; I. Hidalgo, R. Piriz, A. Mozo, G. Tobias, P. Tavella, I. Sesia, G. Cerretto, P. Waller, F. Gonzalez, and J. Hahn |

05-40-441 | Statistical Constraints on Station Clock Parameters in the NRCan PPP Estimation Process; G. Cerretto, P. Tavella, and F. Lahaye |

05-40-467 | Calibration of TWSTFT Links through the Triangle Closure Condition; Z. Jiang, W. Lewandowski, and D. Piester |

05-40-527 | Locking a Rubidium Oscillator to a Remote Time Scale Using Real-Time Common-View GPS Measurement; M. Lombardi and A. Dahlen |

05-40-543 | Calibration of the BEV GPS Receiver by Using TWSTFT; A. Niessner, W. Mache,B. Blanzano, O. Koudelka, J. Becker, D. Piester, Z. Jiang, and F. Arias |

05-40-549 | Residual Vibration-Induced PM Noise of a Rigid Optical Fiber Spool; J. Taylor, C. Nelson, A. Hati, N. Ashby, and D. Howe |

05-40-559 | Novel Tiltmeter for Monitoring Angle Shift in Incident Waves; S. Taghavi-Larigani and J. VanZyl |

05-40-577 | Calibrating GPS with TWSTFT for Accurate Time Transfer; Z. Jiang and A. Niessner |

05-40-587 | Two-Way Satellite Time and Frequency (TWSTFT) Calibration Constancy from Closure Sums; D. Matsakis, L. Breakiron, A. Bauch, D. Piester, and Z. Jiang |

05-41-067 | Time Transfer by Laser link - T2L2: Results of the First Year of Operation; P. Guillemot, P. Exertier, E. Samain, F. Pierron, J. Torre, and S. Leon |

05-41-101 | Limits on GPS Carrier-phase Time Transfer; M. Weiss |

05-41-131 | Negative Power Law Noise, Reality vs. Myth; V. Reinhardt |

05-41-293 | Time Stability and Electrical Delay Comparison of Dual-Frequency GPS Receivers; A. Proia, G. Cibiel, and L. Yaigre |

05-41-303 | Phase-lock Loops in Vibration Environments; A. Hati, C. Nelson, and D. Howe |

05-41-313 | Proficiency Testing Activities of Frequency Calibration Laboratories in Taiwan, 2009; H. Lin, P. Chang, J. Wang, and C. Liao |

05-41-339 | Characterization of Noise Properties in Photodetectors: A Step toward Ultra-low Phase Noise Microwaves; J. Taylor, F. Quinlan, and S. Diddams |

05-41-371 | Two-way Satellite Time and Frequency Transfer Using 1 Mchip/s Codes; V. Zhang, T. Parker, J. Achkar, A. Bauch, L. Lorini, D. Matsakis, D. Piester, and D. Rovera |

05-41-421 | Detection of Outliers in TWSTFT Data Used in TAI; A. Harmegnies, G. Panfilo, and E. Arias |

05-41-559 | Evaluation of the Time and Frequency Transfer Capabilities of a Network of GNSS Receivers Located in Timing Laboratories; R. Piriz, G. Cerretto, A. Perucca, and P. Tavella |

05-42-451 | Characterization of Phase Noise Effects in the Photodetection of Ultrashort Optical Pulses; J. Taylor, F. Quinlan, A. Hati, C. Nelson, S. Datta, A. Joshi, and S. Diddams |